Norvergence – Climate Change Threatens Agricultural Productivity in South Asia

The change in climatic condition has affected agricultural activities and has become the major reason for crop failure. There are many volunteers and NGOs working to highlight the issues related to climate change and are working to reduce its effects. Norvergence is one NGO working with the aim of spreading awareness about climate change and its effects.

Agriculture in South Asia

The South Asian countries have faced a lot of agricultural issues due to the change in climate and the horrifying results of climatic change like floods. Not just floods but other climatic impacts, like sea-level rise & salt instruction, increased frequency and intensity of storms, and pests combined with an increase in water scarcity have contributed to the reduced yield of crops and threaten the food security of farmers in South Asia.

The article “climate change and South Asia’s Pending Food Crisis” talks about the challenge to secure food for South Asia’s growing population is exacerbated by the threats of climate change which is true and is connected to climate change effects.

The fact here is that agriculture is the main source of income for the majority of people living in South Asian regions. Agriculture is considered as the biggest employers in this region. Whereas the climatic condition is making it hard for the farmers to cope with the increase in demand and agriculture conditions at the same time.

Agriculture in South Asia

The environmental NGOs like Norvergence has appealed to the governments of the South Asian countries to help the farmers with the equipment and subsidies for farming to help them production and distribution.

It is time for the farmers and the government to realize the fact that their negligence is contributing to climate change. Activities like stubble burning contribute to air pollution issues and the government along with the farmers have to take responsibility to stop such activities. These activities need to be stopped and the government policies need to be more logical and flexible as per the changing needs of farmers due to climate change effects.

 

Norvergence: The Bhopal Gas Tragedy Facts and Effects

The Bhopal gas tragedy that killed at least 3,787 people resulted from an operational error, design flaws, maintenance failures, training deficiencies, and economic measures that endangered safety. The researchers at Norvergence agree with the reports published by different researchers pointing towards the negligence of the management of the company.

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The company was built hastily and with little government oversight and due to a safety fault in the mechanism, water accidentally entered a pipe and poured into a giant tank of methyl isocyanate. 40 tons of toxic gas entered the air and started showing its dangerous effects.

The official counts reported 3,787 dead others suffering to survive with increasing breathing problems and skin burns. Within a few hours after the leakage, the streets of Bhopal were filled with dead and suffering people. The hospitals were crowded with patients as the doctors struggled with limited infrastructure and a lack of knowledge about the side effects of the toxic gas.

The people who survived the accident had no clue that this is not the end of the suffering and the tragedy will unfold its effects in the years that followed. The other effects of the gas that was showed up after the incident were :

  • Children born after the disaster are also victims because of exposure to the deadly gas while they were in their mother’s womb.
  • The chemical wastes remained dumped in and around the premises of the UCIL factory, contaminating the drinking water of the area.

The researchers and environmentalists at Norvergence support the statement that “this industrial accident could have been managed if the government had information about the chemical and treatment for it.”

The researchers at Norvergence said, “government should conduct medical research to understand the long-term impacts of the gases to which they provide the license.”

 

Norvergence: What are the Factors that Caused The Amazon Fire

The Amazon rainforest is again in the news for the recent fire case reported on 15th August 2019. Being the largest rainforest in the world, Amazon forest has always stayed on top research and studies related to climate change and species. The team Norvergence also conducts a survey to identify the factors that are cause fire in the Amazon Forest. The identified factors were:

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Human activities and Agricultural Activities

After Jain Bolsonaro elected as the president, he pledged to improve the agricultural condition of the region which resulted in deforestation and fire in the forest to clean up the land for agriculture. The human activity and careless attitude towards nature led to a number of fire cases being registered related to the Amazon forest. The increase in agriculture and available land because of the deforestation and wildfire is now attracting mining, timber, and development firms to expand in this region. 

Deforestation

Deforestation is a major concern when it comes to areas like Amazon. The rise in agricultural activities has given rise to deforestation. The farmers wait for the dry season so that they can start burning and clearing the land for agriculture and cattle grazing. The production of soybean has raised in this area and so has deforestation. The other big reason for deforestation in this region is given to the controversial highway build there.

Norvergence_The Connection between Jair Bolsanaro and Blackstone

These are the two major factors that you can say are the cause of the wildfire in the Amazon rainforest. The team Norvergence LLC feels that international organizations should step in and take charge of the development and safety of the Amazon rainforest.

 

Norvergence LLC – Trees and Climate Change

Tree plantation is always considered as an activity that supports fighting climate change issues. Almost every social group or NGO once has planned a tree plantation drive to fight climate change issues. But the question is tree plantation the first priority when it comes to climate change?

The team Norvergence is also working on the issue of climate change and global warming. The team feels that the people have set the wrong priority to fight climate change.

Secondly, the results of the plantation activities are not fruitful as hundreds of planted trees die within the first month because they don’t get proper care or else the climate does not support their growth.

Norvergence LLC has made it clear in its previous published reports that the main cause of climate change and global warming is “greenhouse gas emissions” and to reduce its effect should be our first priority to fight climate change issues.

The other facts that you must know about tree plantation and climate change are:

  • Tree planting is not the only solution for climate change
  • You should know how much carbon trees can trap as a fact a tree can absorb as much as 48 pounds of carbon dioxide per year. Such facts should be considered before you plan a tree plantation activity.
  • The fertility of the soil and tree plantation. You need to be sure that you plant the right tree which means the environmental condition should support the tree to survive.
  • Last but not least make sure that you care for the planted tree. Year a quarterly check on the growth.

 

Climate Change to Further Escalate Violence in Western Africa

Credit: UN

  • by Rabiya Jaffery (abu dhabi, uae)
  • Monday, October 28, 2019
  • Inter Press Service

Abu Dhabi, UAE, Oct 28 (IPS) – Rabiya Jaffery is a freelance journalist covering climate, conflicts, and culture-related stories from the Middle East and South Asia.Nearly 50 million people in west Africa rely on agriculture and livestock for their livelihood but the land available for pastoral use has been rapidly shrinking.

While a part of this is because of growing population, climate change has also been a major contributor to this, says George Stacey, an analyst working with Norvergence*, an environmental advocacy NGO.

According to the United Nations, nearly 80% of the Sahel’s farmland has been negatively impacted by temperatures rising – which they are at a rate that is 1.5 times faster than the global average.

“As droughts and floods continue to increase in frequency and duration, food production in most of the Sahel region remains highly insecure,” Stacey told IPS.

“And for a region with such a high dependence on agriculture that is also already suffering from food shortage, this has extremely far-reaching consequences.”

Many areas in Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Senegal, and Chad never fully recovered from the food crisis of 2012, which was a result of a combination of droughts and regional conflicts that shocked food prices, and pushed more than 13 million people in the Sahel to malnutrition levels.

And as temperatures continue to rise, food security will continue to destabilize and farmers and herders will be forced to continue to be forced to relocate searching for land to cultivate on.

“As herders and farmers in the Sahel migrate internally to cope with degrading land and diminishing livelihoods, the threats of violence and their chances of being recruited in criminal and extremist groups established in the region continues to increase,” Dr Joseph Faye, a climate and security impact and adaptation scientist working with several think tanks in western Africa, told IPS.

Poor governance and state authority have resulted in number of jihadi groups and other extremist and criminal networks establishing themselves in many parts of western Africa and food insecurity serves as a recruiting incentive for them.

Credit: UN

John Podesta, founder and director of The Center for American Progress, writes in a brief for Brookings Blum Roundtable, that security experts are concerned about the connection between climate change and terrorism and that the “the decline of agricultural and pastoral livelihoods has been linked to the effectiveness of financial recruiting strategies by al-Qaida”.

“There are a number of extremist factions that gained foothold in different parts of western Africa and they are thriving due to the dangerous combination of poor state security and easily recruitable civilians,” says Faye.

The Islamic State in West Africa (ISWAP), for example, is a splinter faction of Boko Haram that just in September 2019 abducted six aid workers in Nigeria and has already executed one. ISWAP is just one of the several extremist groups currently present in the Sahel.

And many studies carried out in recent years by NGOs, think tanks, and international bodies like the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) have shown that most recruits of these groups are, in fact, far less guided by ideologies than by financial vulnerability.

And as climate conditions continue to worsen and diminish the livelihoods of farmers and herders, it will continue to get easier for different extremists and criminal groups to manipulate and recruited them to serve as foot-soldiers.

The UN special adviser on the Sahel, Ibrahim Thiaw, has stated that the region is already amongst the regions of the world that are facing the most extreme brunt of global warming.

Poor rainfall and droughts over the past decade have resulted in at least 14 million still requiring food assistance, according to a report published in 2018. The Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel also predicts a “persistent food insecurity” for the foreseeable future.

“Poor agriculture and food insecurity spikes migration and internal displacement which, in a region that already has a network on violent groups and a history of conflicts, will only make more people more vulnerable to turning to whatever option is available for them to sustain themselves,” says Faye.

“Also, conflicts in any localized area almost always spill further which is why threats in any art are highly concerning to the security of the overall region and even beyond that of course.”

The risk of extremism and violence in any part of the Sahel is dangerous to the wider region because most countries in western Africa have porous, largely unguarded borders that are frequently crossed illegally by many – from merchants and herders to those trafficking weapons, drugs, and toxic ideologies.

“Insurgencies in one country can and often do spill across borders, as was the case when conflict spread from northern to central Mali and into north and eastern Burkina Faso and southwestern Niger,” says Faye. “This is why the destabilizing effects of climate change in any part of it should be of great concern to all those who seek security and stability in the region.”

A report by the World Economic Forum emphasizes that while military pressure is “undoubtedly required” to stop extremist groups, the Sahel can only truly counter terrorism and conflicts if foreign aid is used to directly invest in improving the livelihoods of the region’s most vulnerable people.

Reports by agencies such as the International Committee of the Red Cross point out that when funds are put to help income-generating, small-scale pastoral projects such as dairy farms and community markets, conflict and violence almost always calms down.

“So long as armed extremist groups continue to be the only reliable means of livelihood around, they will continue to find people to join them,” states Stacey. “This is why development organizations and governments must provide targeted help to the pastoral and agricultural communities in the Sahel to continue being able to sustain their work.”

The United Nations Office is one of the intergovernmental organizations working on mitigating the conflicts that arise from the loss of agricultural land.

“The United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel promotes the peaceful coexistence between both groups and is working with Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to capture good practice from different countries in the region that could benefit the countries most affected by farmer-herder conflicts,” Kouider Zerrouk, head of strategic communications and public Information of UNOWAS, told IPS.

ECOWAS is a West African political and economic union of fifteen countries that also serves as a peacekeeping force. Member states have also, at times, sent joint military forces to intervene at times of political instability in bloc member states.

The World Bank has also launched a number of projects, including the Regional Sahel Pastoralism Support Project, and the Pastoralism and Stability in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa but the report by World Economic Forum states that there is a need for more.

“It is equally important that public and private leaders and civil societies recognize and anticipate ways that agriculture and livestock production are likely going to change in relation to climate, and encourage investments in adaptation and new crops in advance to avoid major declines in crop yields,” states the report. “The future looks challenging, which makes it all the more important to prepare for it.”

The article was supported by Norvergence, an NGO that supports climate-related advocacy work.

© Inter Press Service (2019) — All Rights Reserved Original source: Inter Press Service

Norvergence – The Views About Climate Change

Norvergence is an NGO working for environment protection and fighting for issues like climate change, global warming, and other issues like health, disaster, and disease-related to climate change.

Recently the team Norvergence conducted interviews with the locals and tourists in areas that are most affected by climate change. The aim of this activity was not just to spread awareness or to record the views of others. But the main aim was to gather information about any climatic issue that is still not been noticed by the experts but is experienced by the locals and tourists in that country or city.

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The other agenda behind this interview activity was to collect some brilliant ideas related to sustainable practices that the interviewees are practicing in their day-to-day life.

The interview was framed around two basic questions:

The team specified Africa as per the data collected by the environmentalist at Norvergence to bring it in the limelight and generate some ideas from the public that can help the people in Malawi to deal with environment-related issues.

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Overall the awareness activity went well and was appreciated by all. The team norvergence not only collects information and data but shared their experience and environmental activities practiced by them. The volunteers at norvergence say that it was more of an interactive interaction as we shared a lot of ideas with people and received a positive response from them.